The origin of the raw materials, the process of extraction and manufacture of the different materials (glass, plastic, aluminium, ceramics, cardboard, …) determine the environmental impact that they generate, depending on whether they are new or recycled.
Other factors that intervene in the sustainability of materials, containers and packaging, are the origin and consumption of energy (light, gas, fuel, water, etc.), used in the whole process of extraction, transport, manufacture, distribution and recycling.
Up to 80% of environmental impacts are defined in the design phase. It is necessary to select the materials to be used, the design to be carried out and the industrial process of manufacture and transformation, to reduce the weight, volume and quantity, considering the end of its use, so that these materials return another time as resources to manufacture other new ones.
This part of the process must be very efficient and sustainable in the consumption of material and energy resources to keep the minimum environmental impact.
Intralogistics and logistics intervene in the whole circular process, from the transport of raw materials and materials, the products or the collection of containers and packaging to be recycled, is an area that must be very efficient and sustainable, for the high environmental impact that they generate, depending on whether they are new or recycled.
This distribution process is more complex because it operates in different countries and in several marketing points, where the products, containers and sustainable packaging must arrive.
The containers and packaging of the products are put on the market through distribution, so that users can consume them, once they have reached this point in the process, these material resources must return to the circular process so that they become new materials.
Its the material resources of packaging, of containers that are generated at the end of the consumption of the products, those that keep going back again to the circular process to create new materials for new applications.